Cost, Energy, and Environmental Impacts
People and Collaborations
- Prof. Marilyn Brown, Public Policy
- Dr. Ron Chance, Global Thermostat
- Dr. Alice Favero, Public Policy
- Dr. Ankush Karemore, Post-doctoral Researcher
- Prof. Art Ragauskas, University of Tennessee Knoxville
- Dr. Matthew Realff, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
- Dr. Valerie Thomas, Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Public Policy
- Lignin Group, Georgia Tech
Research and Outreach
Our current research focuses on:
- Electricity from biomass
- Energy and greenhouse gas impacts of biofuels and bioproducts
- Production of bio-crude in an advanced photobioreactor-based biorefinery
- Products from lignin
We have held regional workshops on biofuel development:
- Sustainable Production of Fuels and Chemicals from Biomass in the Southeast, March 2020
- Southeast Bioeconomy, September 2016
- Georgia Farm to Fly, December 2015
We entered the MIT Climate Co-Lab Aviation Contest:
- We won the judges choice award! September 2016
- “Recent Advancements of Plant-based Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites and Their Applications,” Ragauskas, A. J., Li, M. Pu, Y., Thomas, V. M., Yoo, C. G., Ozcan S., Deng, Y., Nelson K. Composites Part B, accepted July 5, 2020.
- “Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions for an Ethanol Production Process Based on Genetically Modified Cyanobacteria: CO2 Sourcing Options,” Arora P.; Chance R.; Fishbeck, T.; Hendrix H; Realff M; Thomas, V. M.; Yuan, Y. Biofuels, Bioproducts & Bioprocesses, published online July 21, 2020.
- “Similarities in Recalcitrant Structures of Industrial Non-kraft and Kraft Lignin,” Tricker A.W.; Stellato M. J.; Kwok T. T.; Kruyer N. S.; Wang Z.; Nair S.; Thomas V. M.; Realff M. J.; Bommarius A. S.; Sievers S. ChemSusChem 13, published online June 15, 2020.
- “Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Different CO2 Supply Options for an Algal Biorefinery,” Arora P.; Chance R.; Hendrix H; Realff M; Thomas, V. M.; Yuan, Y. J. CO2 Utilization 40: 101213-101223, 2020.
- “Life cycle analysis of alternative fibers for paper.” Favero, A., Luettgen, C. O., Thomas, V. M. J. Advanced Manufacturing and Processing 1 (3):1-10, 2019.
- “The Economic and Environmental Performance of Biomass as an Intermediate Resource for Power Production,” Brown, M. A., Favero A., Thomas V., Banboukian A. Utilities Policy 58: 52-62, 2019.
- “Anthropogenic CO2 as a Feedstock for the Production of Algal-based Biofuels,” Lively, R. P., Sharma, P., Luo, D., McCool, B. A., Beaudry-Losique, J., Thomas, V. M., Realff, M., Chance, R. R. Biofuels Bioproduct Biorefineries 9 (1): 72-81, 2015.
- “Bioreactor-based Fuel Systems I: Optimal production capacity considering start-up dynamics,” Luo, D., Realff, M. J., Thomas, V. M. Computers and Chemical Engineering 71: 141-153, 2014.
- “Biomass Feedstock Contracts: Role of Land Quality and Yield Variability in Near Term Feasibility,” Okwo, A., Thomas, V. M. Energy Economics 42 (March): 67-80, 2014.
- “LCA of bagasse electricity cogeneration in the South African sugar industry,” Mashoko, L., Mbohwa, C., Thomas, V. M. Journal of Cleaner Production 39: 42-49, 2013.
- “Lifecycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for an Ethanol Production Process Based on Blue-green Algae,” Luo, D., Z. Hu, D. G. Choi, V. M. Thomas, M. J. Realff, R. R. Chance. Environmental Science and Technology 44(22): 8670-8677, 2010.
- “Statistical Evaluation of the Effect of Ethanol in US Corn Production: A Flexible Test for Independence on a Constrained Sum,” Abayomi, K., Luo, D. and Thomas, V. M. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics 22 (S11): 105-126, 2011.
- “Lifecycle Assessment of the South African Sugar Industry,” Mashoko, L., C. Mbohwa, V. M. Thomas, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 53(6): 793-807, 2010.
- “Relation ofBiofuel to Bioelectricity and Agriculture: Food Security, FuelSecurity, and Reducing Greenhouse Emissions,” V. M. Thomas, D.Choi, D. Luo, A. Okwo, J. H. Wang, ChemicalEngineering Research and Design, 87, 1140-1146, 2009.
- “Framework andGuidance for Estimating Greenhouse GasFootprints of Aviation Fuels,” D. T. Allen, C. Allport, K. Atkins,J.C. Cooper, R. M. Dilmore, L. C. Draucker, K. E. Eichmann, J. C. Gillen,W. Gillette, W. M. Griffin, W. E. Harrison, J. Hileman, J. R. Ingham,F. A. Kimler, A. Levy, C. F. Murphy, M. J. O’Donnell, D. Pamplin, G.Schivley, T. K. Skone, S. M. Strank, R. W. Stratton, P. H. Taylor, V.M. Thomas, M. Wang, T. Zidow. U. S. Air Force, AFRL-RZ-WP-TR-2009-2206,April 2009.
This research is supported by:
US Department of Energy
Renewable Bioproducts Institute
Anderson Fund of the School of Industrial and Systems Engineering