Minoru “Shino” Shinohara, PhD, FACSM

(Japanese site)

Associate Professor

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab
Office: 1309C at 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta
Email to Prof. Shinohara
Program/Participating Faculty
Biomedical Engineering
Neural Engineering Center
Bioengineering & Bioscience
Robotics & Intelligent Machines
Georgia Center for Medical Robotics
Human-Centric Interfaces and Engineering
Wearable Intelligent Systems and Healthcare


  • Ph.D., Multidisciplinary Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan (w/ Fukunaga)
  • M.S., Physical Education, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • B.S., Physical Education, University of Tokyo, Japan

Professional Experience

  • Assistant Professor, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Colorado at Boulder (w/ Enoka)
  • Research Associate, Pennsylvania State University (w/ Latash & Zatsiorsky)
  • Senior Research Associate, University of Colorado at Boulder (w/ Enoka)
  • Research Health Scientist, Atlanta VA Medical Center
  • Visiting Scholar, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
  • Adjunct Researcher, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Consultant, US Army Medical Department Center and School
  • Consultant, Japan Fitness Association
  • Consultant, Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems
  • Collaborator, Shriners Hospitals for Children (Sports Medicine)
  • Georgia State Chairman, Neuromuscular Science Lecturer, National Team Coach; USA Gymnastics

Research Interests

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab
Minoru Shinohara on ResearchGate
Dr. Shinohara’s research interests include neurophysiological and biomechanical mechanisms underlying motor skills and their adaptations to altered afferent input, aging, fatigue, attention, and practice/rehabilitation in humans.  He is also interested in human-robot interaction, human augmentation, and their potential application to physical activity, sports, health, and rehabilitation.  He uses state-of-the-art techniques in neuroscience, neuroengineering, physiology, and biomechanics (e.g., tVNS, TMS, EEG, single motor unit recordings, high-density and interference EMG, microneurography, mechanomyography, ultrasound elastography/B-mode, exoskeleton robot, machine learning) in his research.

Application to Sports

Rhythmic Gymnastics:

  • Coach for Rhythmic Brains, USA National Team Member Coach (2015-2021)
  • Neuromuscular Science Lecturer; USA Gymnastics
  • Research Proceedings (P.28-34, P.78-84, 2021)
    • Development of standardized rhythmic gymnastics movement screen
    • Associations between movement control qualities in elite rhythmic gymnastics


  • BIOS 3755 Human Physiology
  • BIOS 3756 Physiology Lab
  • BIOS 4803/APPH 6600 Muscle Structure and Plasticity
  • APPH 6233 Aging Movement Control
  • APPH 6236 Neuromuscular Physiology
  • APPH 8000 Seminar (Research Methods)

Honors, Awards, Recognition

  • Council Member and Secretary, International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology
  • Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Research Career Enhancement Award, American Physiological Society
  • Star Reviewer (2x), Journal of Applied Physiology, American Physiological Society
  • Visiting Scholar Award, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Research Travel Award, American Society of Biomechanics
  • Vendor’s Innovation in Research Award, American College of Sports Medicine Biomechanics Interest Group
  • New Investigator Award, Japanese Society for College Physical Education and Sports
  • Best Research Award, SICE System Integration Division
  • Dedicated and Outstanding Associate Editor, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
  • Federal Grant Reviewer: National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Defense (DOD), Army Research Laboratory (ARL), Veterans Affairs (VA)
  • International Grant Reviewer: Austrian Science Fund, Austria; Canada Foundation for Innovation, Canada; Dutch Technology Foundation, Netherlands; French National Research Agency (ANR), France; Medical Research Council (MRC), UK; National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NOW); Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium.

Book Editor

  • Shinohara M Ed. Advances in Neuromuscular Physiology of Motor Skills and Muscle Fatigue, Research Signpost, 2009.
  • Editorial Board Member
  • Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology (2008-)
  • Journal of Applied Physiology (2009-)
  • Journal of Motor Behavior (2012-)
  • Journal of Physiological Sciences (2012-2015)
  • Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (associate editor: 2010-2020; editorial board member: 2009-2010 and 2020-)

Society Member

  • International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology (Council, Secretary)
  • American College of Sports Medicine (Fellow)
  • American Society of Biomechanics
  • Neural Control of Movement Society

Select Publications (Full list by Google Scholar)

    • St. Pierre MA, Shinohara M. Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation at nonspecific timings during training can compromise motor adaptation in healthy humans. Journal of Neurophysiology 130: 212-223, 2023
    • Ahmar NE, Ueda J, Shinohara M. Anti-phase cocontraction practice attenuates in-phase low-frequency oscillations between antagonistic muscles as assessed with phase coherence. Experimental Brain Research 238: 63-72, 2020.
    • Brown E, Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Automatic analysis of ultrasound shear-wave elastography in skeletal muscle without non-contractile tissue contamination. Int J Intell Robot Appl 2: 209–225, 2018.
    • Weinberg L, Hasni A, Shinohara M, Duarte A. A single bout of resistance exercise can enhance episodic memory performance. Acta Psychologica 153:13-19, 2014.
    • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Rajendra JK, Shinohara M. Enhanced corticospinal excitability with physiologically heightened sympathetic nerve activity. Journal of Applied Physiology 114:429-435, 2013.
    • Johnson AN, Shinohara M. Corticomuscular coherence with and without additional task in the elderly. Journal of Applied Physiology 112:970-981, 2012.
    • Johnson AN, Huo X, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Dual-task motor performance with a tongue-operated assistive technology compared with hand operations. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 9:1, 2012.
    • Shinohara M, Sabra K, Gennisson J-L, Fink M, Tanter M. Real-time visualization of muscle stiffness distribution with ultrasound shear wave imaging during muscle contraction. Muscle & Nerve 42: 438-441, 2010.

    Reviews and Chapters

    • Ueda J, Gallagher W, Moualeu A, Shinohara M, Feigh K. Adaptive Human-Robot Physical Interaction for Robot Co-workers. In: Ueda J and Kurita Y Ed, Human Modeling for Bio-Inspired Robotics, Academic Press, Elsevier, 297-333, 2016.
    • Shinohara M. Adaptations in motor unit behavior in elderly adults. Current Aging Science 4: 200-208, 2011.
    • Aoki T, Shinohara M, Kinoshita H. Motor control of individual fingers. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 1-24, 2009.
    • Kouzaki M & Shinohara M. Alternation in muscle activity to reduce muscle fatigue. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in Neuromuscular Physiology of Motor Skills and Muscle Fatigue. Research Signpost, 351-367, 2009.
    • Yoshitake Y & Shinohara M. Steady force control in multiple muscle systems. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 127-138, 2009.
    • Shinohara M, Yoshitake Y, Kouzaki M. Alterations in synergistic muscle activation impact fluctuations in net force. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41:191-197, 2009.
    • Shinohara M & Søgaard K. Mechanomyography for studying force fluctuations and muscle fatigue. Exercise and Sport Science Reviews. 34:59-64, 2006.
    • Latash ML, Shim JK, Shinohara M, Zatsiorsky VM. Changes in finger coordination and hand function with advanced age. In: Latash ML & Lestienne F Eds, Motor Control and Learning, Springer, pp.141-159, 2005.